Altitude sickness is a problem for people by the low pressure and lack of oxygen in the mountain. Many people travel to the high Himalayas, but only some suffer from altitude sickness. The altitude problem should be a huge problem and can kill. Here is the general information about altitude sickness, what to do to avoid this problem, and how to be safe. Please read this article before going to the mountain.
Table of Contents
What is altitude sickness?
Altitude sickness is an acute mountain (AMS) and high altitude sickness. It is an effect of high altitude for humans, caused by the low pressure of oxygen at high Himalayan altitude. There are two types of altitude sickness high altitude cerebral Edema (HACE) and high-altitude pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Altitude sickness can kill if you won't take it seriously.
Cerebral Edema Altitude Symptoms
It is an effect of the brain at high altitudes. A headache, nausea, dizziness, numbness, weakness, vomiting, and double vision are the main symptoms of this effect and loss of imagination.
Pulmonary Edema Altitude Symptoms
It is an effect of the lounge by altitude. Shortness of breath even you are resting, frequent coughing, difficulty walking uphill and even on a flat, Fever, rapid and irregular heartbeat, chest discomfort, loss of apatite, can't sleep, and headache at the beginning, then start tinged with blood when you have the chough if it goes serious.
How to Stay Safe from Altitude Sickness?
Before going to high altitude, you must be mentally and physically prepared. Make a strong mind and stop thinking about altitude sickness; walk slowly however you feel comfortable walking, drink plenty of clean and purified water, keep warm yourself, and avoid alcohol and smoking; they may affect on brain and lounge, and don't go directly to the very high altitude.
Medications for Altitude Sickness
The primary medicine for altitude sickness is descending. Diamox is a pill for altitude but isn't dependent on it. Having Diamox and keep continue to higher places is not a smart idea. After having Diamox, if you still have the problem, descend as soon as possible. Don't forget to drink more water after Diamox; it can make you dehydrate. Have garlic soup; it helps a bit. If you have difficulty, don't stay on the mountain for a long time, inform your insurance and return to the hospital as soon as possible.
Note: If you can't sleep at altitude, never try to use sleeping pills to sleep, and if you feel like you are at altitude, don't stay or sleep alone. Always inform your guide about your problems.