The Kathmandu valley is the capital city of Nepal. This is the biggest city in Nepal. There are three different cities which were three different states ruling by three different kings of the Malla dynasty. It is one thousand three hundred and fifty meters elevation above the sea level.
The Kathmandu valley is known as a city of the Temples. There are lots of Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, and other Temples. In the valley, there are seven worlds heritage sites of UNESCO from out of ten in Nepal. The Kathmandu full day sightseeing, you may visit 4 different heritage sites. The old Royal Palace of Nepal, Swoyambhunath, Bauddhanath and Pashupatinath are the places to visit for Kathmandu city day tour. The tour starts at 9:00 am after breakfast. We do half and full day sightseeing tour in Kathmandu according to your time and interest.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is an Incent royal palace. Kathmandu Durbar Square is also known as Hanuman Dhoka royal palace. This royal palace was established by the son of the king Yaksha Malla in the 14th century. And different Malla kings ruled until the 18th century. The last Malla king of Kathmandu was Jayaprakash Malla who started the Kumari( Living Goddess). The old name of Kathmandu was Kantipur.
There are lots to see like, Kastamandap(which was made in the 12ve century from single cedar tree), Kumari Ghar(Temple of the living goddess), Pagoda temples, Icons, Wood carvings from Malla period, Courtyards and the Newari festivals. During the visiting this place you will know lots of mythical stories and history from your guide.
Things to See
The Kastamandap is the historical building which was made in twelve century. It was made out by the single huge tree and named as Kastamandap. This building has two meaning as Kasta(wooden) Mandap (building). The name of Kathmandu had given by this building. In the beginning, it was the shelter for the people that had been changed to Gorakhnath Temple (Hindu Temple).
There are several Pagoda temples in this site. Most of them were made in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Pagoda temples are Nepali style temple which we can see in China too. The Nepali artists were invited by the Chinese king to make them in China. These Pagoda temples are mostly tall with a high platform from where the visitors can enjoy the views. Stone statue of Garuda (The vehicle of god Vishnu) also is the attraction to see.
The big white building here is the royal palace from where the King used to rule the country. It is a museum now. Gahdhi Baithaik is joined with it which was made in 1908 AD by Chandra Samser Rana (One of the Rana Prime minister). This building was used to visit the public and visit the living goddess (Kumari) by the King. There are some beautiful yards for different propose of Royal family inside this building.
Taleju is one of the Hindu Goddess to whom people sacrifice the animals. Goddess Taeju is the family goddess of the Nepalese royal family. It was made in the fifteenth or sixteenth centuries. The main door of the temple is always closed except one day of the year. During the biggest festival of Nepali Hindu in November, one day will open the main door and sacrifice fifty-four buffalos and fifty-four goats. There are hundreds of visitors on this day.
Kumari( The living Goddess)
Kumari is the young virgin lady who is considered as the living goddess. The living goddess is the form of the goddess Taleju. This system was started from the eighteenth century by King Jaya Prakash Malla. Usually, a young lady with certain criteria will be chosen as the living goddess. When the lady will have the time for menstruation then they will change another lady as the goddess. For more detail, the tour guide will brief in detail of this area and the sites.
Swyambhunath is the Buddhist site which is on the hill station. In the early age, the Kathmandu valley was full of water. Swyambhunath was alike an island with a natural gas flame. The Manjushree from Tibet came here and saw the flam than named as Swyambhunath( The is the god itself). Later on, the monkeys started to live here then named as the monkey temple. There are more than a hundred different type of flora and birds. Swyambhunath is also known as an open museum. We can see the good view of Kathmandu valley from here and nice White Mountain on a clear day.
Things to see
There are thousands of monkeys in this area because the trees are here for their shelter. The monkeys here are not aggressive if we don’t tease them. We better not to tease, not try to feed them. Sometimes the mother monkey with their baby may be aggressive if we go closer to them. There is the swimming pool for monkeys so they swim during summer.
Buddhist Monument and Temples
The colourful prayer flags are nicely decorated for the area. It has five different colours. They represent five different elements. The name of the flag in Tibetan is Lungta. Vasubandhu Stupa, word peace pond( Wishing pong), big main stupa, Harati(The goddess of pneumonia), Thunderbolt, the statue of Depanker Buddha(Made in the seventh century), Pratap Pura and Ananta Pura, and much more religious things are the things to see here.
Pashupatinath is a Hindu site. It is about 5km. east from tourist pace(Thamel). 'Pashupati is head of the animal' or 'husband of the animal'. The pagoda style temple with the golden roof and four silver doors is the main temple of Shiva(god of the destroyer). There are lots of festivals during the year according to the Hinduism. The site is Hindu but it is a holy place also to the Buddhist. Hindu cremation is the main attraction for outsiders. Sadhus(Hindu holy people), small temples, Bagmati river, Hindu icons and rituals are good to see in this place.
Things to see
Here is the open cremation for the Hindu people. This is not one and only the cremation place in Kathmandu but this is the main one. Thirty to forty death body cremate in this place. There are different open cremation places for the people according to the economic condition and ethnic group. Always the dead body will be cremated to the riverside in Nepal for any Hindu people. There is the Bagmati River which is the Holy River. Everything will be clear out to this river after the cremation. For more detail, about cremation, your tour guide will brief more.
Temples and Statue
There are lots of Hindu temples around this area. Some temples are offered by different devotees and some not. The statue of Birupakkshe, Human, Vishnu, and much more are nice and attractive to see.
Bouddhanath is a famous Buddhist site. It is about eight km away from Thamel. Boudhanath stupa is the highest stupa of Nepal and second highest in the world. This stupa exists in the 4th/5th century. This is one of the peaceful places of Kathmandu. More than 100 Monasteries are around Boudhanath. Tibetan refugees are living in this area and doing some different type of business like Thanka(religious paintings) Schools. Lots of Buddhist ceremonies and rituals can see in Bauddhanath most of the time.