High Altitude Sickness
What is altitude sickness?
Altitude sickness is an acute mountain (AMS) and high altitude sickness. It is an effect of high altitude for humans, caused by the low pressure of oxygen at high Himalayan altitude. There are two types of altitude sickness: high-altitude cerebral Edema (HACE) and high-altitude pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Altitude sickness can kill if you won't take it seriously.
Cerebral Edema and symptoms: It is an effect in the brain by the high altitude. A headache, nausea, dizziness, numbness, weakness, vomiting, and double vision are the main symptoms of this effect and loss of imagination.
Pulmonary Edema and symptoms: An effect of the lounge by altitude. Shortness of breath even you are resting, frequent coughing, difficulty walking uphill and even on a flat, Fever, rapid and irregular heartbeat, chest discomfort, loss apatite, can't sleep, and may a headache at the beginning, then start tinged with blood when you chough if it goes serious.
How to be safe from altitude sickness?
Before going to high altitude, you must be mentally and physically prepared. Make a strong mind and stop thinking about altitude sickness; stroll however comfortable walking, drink plenty of clean and purified water, keep warm, and avoid alcohol and smoke; they may affect the brain and lounge, and don't go directly to the very high altitude.
Medications: Main medicine for altitude sickness is descending. Diamox is a pill for altitude, but it doesn't be dependent on it. Having Diamox and keep continue to higher places is not a smart idea. After having Diamox, if you still have the problem, descend as soon as possible. Don't forget to drink more water after Diamox; it can make you dehydrate. Have garlic soup; it helps a bit. If you have difficulty, don't stay in the mountain for a long time, inform your insurance and return to the hospital as soon as possible.
Note: If you can't sleep in altitude, never try to use sleeping pills to sleep, and if you feel at length, don't stay or sleep alone. Always inform your guide about your problems.