Buying vs. renting
If you are staying in the cold region or travel much, it is better to buy the good quality of the gears what you can use for a few years. You may also rent some equipment which has been shown below in Kathmandu or Namche Bazaar. But you need to notice that you may hire a low-quality gear that may not be standard for the cold temperature what you will face at the base camp and the Kalapatthar.
Packing List to the Everest Base Camp Trek
The main matter is the wearing layer with different timings from the morning to night and what kind of materials should wear. The weather can be dramatically change up in the mountain while you ascend or descend so the layer on or off is important. You trek from 2856m (Luka) to the Kalapatthar (5550m). So you will notice the changing temperature from the lower elevation to the higher elevation.
The other factor is according to the season to wear the layers. Two different peak seasons like autumn (September to December) and spring (March to May), normally are the good weather to trek to the Everest base camp. Probably you may have to face the rain, hail, and the snow somehow. Compare to the autumn, the spring is warmer to trek to the Everest base camp. We highly recommend not thinking to trek here during the monsoon (June- August).
If you want more information about the best time for the Everest base camp trek, click on this link.
After a little information, here are the lists with detail that you should pack before your departure to the Everest base camp.
You will trek for about 4-7 hours a day so be sure if you have comfortable breathable underwear. To aid the wicking process, 4-6X pair of breathable underwear is highly recommended. And 2 X sports bars for the ladies.
The first layer of your wearing is the base layer. This base layer is compulsory when you will be at a higher elevation with very cold temperature. You don’t have to wear this layer during the begging and the ending part of your trek and later months of the spring season too.
You need to pack 5-6 trekking shirts that you wear most of the time on your trek. Pack some light and quick drier avoiding the cotton. Fabric breathable shirts are highly recommended. Short sleeves shirts for the lower and long sleeves for the higher altitude.
Fleece jacket keeps you warm but it doesn’t block the wind. Wearing as the second layer, it is highly recommended to pack with your packing list. To wear under the feathers jacket it is very useful.
Feather Jacket (Down jacket)
A down jacket is very useful for the evening while you are sitting in the lodge and for an early morning hike. While you trek during the day, it is not in use but if the weather is cloudy and windy with no sun, you need to wear it and keeps you warm and safe from the cold. According to the service, we provide our down jacket or help to buy or hire it in Kathmandu.
Hiking Trousers and Shorts
We recommend 1 X pair long trousers for the higher and 1 X pair shorts for the lower elevations. There are many branded and copied by the branded. All of them are nice to use and light for weight.
Water Proof Jacket and Trouser
The possibility of the rain is high in the mountain especially if you trek June to September. We don’t recommend to trek during these months to the Everest base camp but there may be rain during the high trekking season’s too so waterproof jacket and trouser to pack with your gear list. As you go to the higher elevation, you can wear them as windproof in the cold places.
To protect your face and head by the heat and ultraviolet rays, the sun hat is highly recommended. Try to pack the hat which is light in weight and having a cover for the neck.
The woollen hat is one of the most important to keep your ears and head warm while you stay in the lodge, morning hike and trek with the wind. If the ears and head would be cold, you may have the problem of a headache so take a woollen hat to be safe.
A buff is very useful to protect your neck from cold and block the dust to breathe while you will be hiking most of the days to the Everest base camp. During the high season, there are a lot of trekkers who make dusty and the Yaks also make dust on your trail.
Fingers should be warm in the cold area so the gloves help you to keep your fingers warm. We suggest having two types of gloves, thinner gloves and windproof gloves.
Warm and thin inner gloves are useful for the moderate cold and to wear inside the bigger windproof gloves while you will be in the freezing cold places.
Outer Windproof Gloves
Outer windproof gloves are really useful for the trek in the early morning without sun and for the Basecamp. When you hike to the Kalapatthar, It is compulsory to wear because on the top of the Kalapatthar is windy and freezing.
We recommend having the nice quality trekking boots for the Everest base camp trek. You won’t find the shoemakers most of the places if you have the fake brand boots and would have a problem during your trek. Find the proper fit boots for your size and should be middle to lightweight which offers good ankle support.
While you stay at the lodges in the higher elevations, the temperature will be cold so sports shoes are recommended to wear for not having cold feet. The sandals are really useful for the lower elevations after taking off your hiking boots and when you use showers.
Some pairs of breathable and wicking socks are important to have for this trek. We request not to have the cotton one. They should be long and warm and we suggest wearing fresh socks in cold places. If you use the socks which you already used during your previous day, it should have sweat which will freeze from the cold. If you reuse them, your toes should be freezing.
Fingers and Toes Warmer
Fingers and toes warmers are the most important for the months November- February because these months are freezing cold on at the base camp and especially the Kalapatthar. Also an early morning trek on the higher elevations, they are so useful. These are not compulsory in the other months.
Bags and Backpacks
If you are for organized trek having a porter, we recommend 80-90L duffel bag and a small daypack to carry your valuables/changing clothes/snacks/rain covers with you. For the trekkers who are doing individually or only having a guide (no porter), bring 50-65L Rucksack with you.
The duffel bag is carried by a porter which should be a waterproof and good condition. According to the service type, we provide a duffel bag for each for our clients which should return after the trek.
If you are not in an organized trek to the Everest base camp, we suggest bringing a 50-65L backpack with the opening on the top.
If you are with organized trek with having a porter to carry your duffel bag, you still need to have a small daypack with you to carry your valuable, water, camera, snacks for the day, rain gear, changing clothes, and other personal items. After departure from one lodge to another, you won’t meet the porter so whatever you need for the day, you need to carry in this daypack.
As we already have mentioned the waterproof jacket and the trousers, you may use them as the protection from the rain or you may take a poncho for the rain. You need to have a big plastic bag inside your daypack then your things will be dry even if it would rain and the cover for your daypack also needed.
You need to have nice, enough, and a warm sleep during your trek. If you could not sleep well, you may be tired and will be difficult to walk so you need to have a nice sleeping bag. If you trek in the spring or September and October, you can sleep with - 10-degree sleeping bag but if you are in winter, you need to have -20 or above sleeping bag with you. The tea houses provide a blanket but sometimes it may not clean or warm enough. We provide our sleeping bag or help or hire and bye them in Kathmandu according to the type of service.
You hear the sounds of the others who are sleeping to your next rooms easily if there are people sleeping who snore and disturb for your sleep. In this case, ear plugs really help for your good sleep.
Trekking poles are recommended for most of the trekkers. Even you don’t use them, it is better to have them with you. You may have pain for your muscle and knees or some the trail should be slippery with mud and ice, it is very useful in these cases.
A UV protection sunglass is compulsory. After the sun on the mountains, the snow will be so bright and if there is snow on your trail, the sunglass will be your best friend to walk. Another factor is, you trek through the windy valley some days, and to block the dust to your eyes also it is very important.
There is no electricity after Tengboche and using solar. Sometime the solar won’t have enough power for the whole night; the head torch is the most important thing for the Everest base camp trek. Hiking to the Kalapatthar, for the sunrise view on the mountains, have to start the very early morning before the daylight so you need to use the headlamp.
Sun lotion, Lip Balm, Moisturizing cream, First- Aid Kit with the altitude tablets (Diamox), Baby Wipes, Quick drier and light towel, Multi shocked power charger, extra camera batteries, power bank, book, and other daily use things.
Note: Only 15 kg weight is allowed including your hand carry when you fly to Lukla. Don’t think to pay extra money for the overweight. Sometime you will be in Lukla and your bag may be in Kathmandu.