About Everest Base Camp Trek
Everest Base Camp
Trekking to Everest base camp takes trekkers through Sherpa settlements of the Khumbu region starting from a town Lukla after a scenic mountain flight from Kathmandu.
It takes 8 days from Kathmandu to base camp passing beautiful Sherpa villages, Buddhist monuments, scenic mountains and more.
Trekking through Sagarmatha national park, trek leads into the Khumbu valley with numerous 8000+ meter mountains standing like Mt. Lhotse, Makalu and Everest. The most beautiful mountain Amadablam in the Everest Himalaya, Thamserku, Khangteka, Nuptse, and more attractive peaks are amazing during the trek.
Everest base camp trek is highly popular trekking in Nepal. This is a well-managed trek with tea houses from beginning to the end. During hiking to Everest base camp, there are lodges to stay, meet the locals and see their daily activities and lifestyle.
There are lots of lodges, restaurants and tea houses to stop for lunch, snacks, and bakeries along the way from one camp to next.
Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary
Everest Base Camp Trek Map
As showing on the map above, a complete classic Everest base camp trek itinerary is 12 days from Day 3 to day 14. This is the most common itinerary following by all the trekkers. You may cut one day taking only one day rest but it is not recommended because it may affect by altitude problem. If you are a quite slow trekker, you may add few more days and make it a bit longer trek.
Day 1 Fly to Lukla and Trek to Phakding
After about a half an hour scenic flight from Kathmandu, you land on Lukla airport. You may stop for a few minutes here have some hot drinks and trek to Phakding. Today is a short day about 3 hrs treks passing Chheplung, Thadokoshi, and Ghat. You will enjoy the view of Kongde and Dudhkunda peaks from the airport and Kusum Kangaroo from Thadokoshi. Buddhist monasteries and monuments with beautiful mantra carvings on big rocks are amazing during the hike today.
Day 2 Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar
The second-day journey of Everest base camp starts after your breakfast in Phakding. Today you trek to Namche Bazaar which is a long day trek. It takes about 6-7 hrs to hike crossing 5 suspension bridges for the same river (Dudhkoshi). You follow Dudhkoshi River passing Toktok, Benkar, Monjo and national park starts here. You will stop in Jorsalle for lunch and trek another 2-3 hrs to Namche bazaar. You need to have enough drinking water from Jorsalle to Namche because there are no shops to buy water.
Day 3 Spare day and acclimatization hike from Namche
Trekking to the base camp needs to be well acclimatized and beware of altitude sickness. So, you need to have some extra days before reaching base camp. Having a rest day in Namche may help you with acclimatization practice. You hike to Everest view hotel passing the highest airport (Syangboche) with the view of Namche town, Kongde, Thamserku, Kusum Kangaroo, and Amadablam mountains. Walking around 2 hrs, you reach Everest view hotel from where you see Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam, Thamserku, Khangteka, Taboche, and some other mountains. Tengboche monastery and Phortse village look attractive from here. You then hike back to Namche or may visit Khumjung village (the biggest village in the region).
Day 4 Trek from Namche to Tengboche
After your breakfast at your lodge, your day starts towards Tengboche walking on a beautiful path. Trekking trail here is maintained by an old man to whom you may see offering some donation from the trekkers. You will enjoy the same view along the way which you already have seen during a hike to the Everest view hotel. Walking about 3-4 hrs, Phunkitenga reaches where most trekkers stop for lunch. After lunch, the trail ascends to Tengboche through a forest of rhododendron, pine, juniper, and other trees. You may visit an old, historical and religious Tengboche monastery in the evening. Wearing shorts, taking photographs, making noise is not allowed inside the monastery.
Day 5 Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche
Enjoy the morning view of Mt. Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam and other high mountains from this hill, you trek to Dingboche. Descending to Deboche, walking through a dense forest, you will cross a suspension bridge and start to ascend the trail to Pangboche. Another 1-hour hike takes to Somare where you stop for your lunch and trek another hour and a half to Dingboche after lunch.
Day 6 Rest Day in Dingboche
You have the second-day altitude practice here from Dingboche. You hike to Nangar-Tsang hill about 3 hrs. You may see the fourth highest mountain (Makalu) of Nepal, Amadablam, Lhotse, Island peak and lots of other mountains from here. Then you hike back to the lodge and stay overnight in Dingboche.
Day 7 Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche
Today you need to be careful with altitude. Walk slow drink plenty of water because the atmospheric pressure is high with low-level oxygen in the air around here. You trek through ridge keeping Pheriche on your left and facing Taboche. Cholatse and Lobuche peaks ahead. Walking about 3 hrs, you reach Thukla and stop for lunch. Thukla pass may be one challenge after lunch which takes an hour climb. There are lots of monuments of dead climbers on the top of Thukla pass. Crossing these monuments, the trail is quite easy for another hour to Lobuche.
Day 8 Trek from Lobuche to Everest base camp via Gorakshep
This is an important day because you are reaching your goal. You need to start a little earlier in the morning because this is a long day trek. You trek about 3 hrs to Gorakshep from here and have some quick lunch. Then you hike to EBC leaving your stuff at the lodge in Gorakshep. During the hike to Everest base camp is windy so you need to wear windproof clothes, take enough drinking water and some essential things with you. After visiting the base camp and capturing some memory hike back to Gorakshep.
Day 9 Hike to Kalapatthar and trek back to Pheriche or Pangboche
This is another important day that you will see the best view of Everest, glacier and Everest Himalaya. You need to start very early morning to see the view. You need to reach the top before sunlight becomes strong. It is 2hrs hike to the top. Going to Kalapatthar for the sunset is recommended because the view with the sunset is worth than in the morning. After enjoying the view from Kalapatthar, you hike back to the lodge and start the trek back to Pheriche or Pangboche.
Day 10 Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazar
Collecting lots of memories of the base camp trek, you trek back to Namche Bazaar. You come to the lower area so everything comes to normal. You come to familiar which you have been passed on the way to the base camp.
Day 11 Trek from Namche to Lukla
This is your last day of walking. You walk 6-7 hrs to Lukla. Walking about 4 hrs to Phakding you stop for lunch than gradually climb to Lukla. You may enjoy your last night of mountain stay in Lukla celebrating in the bars or your lodge.
Day 12 Fly back to Kathmandu
You have an early morning flight from Lukla to Kathmandu and arrive in the city after 11 days of mountain stay.
Everest Base Camp Trek Distance
Everest base camp from Namche Bazaar
The Everest base camp trek distance is about 130 Km round trip from Lukla to Lukla. It looks fairly easy from day by day.
It is 68 Km from Lukla to Everest base camp and 62 Km back to Lukla. 8 days to base camp is recommended and normal itinerary for everyone. Some people may have only one-day acclimatization practice along the way so it may not enough. Camps are longer in lower elevation and coming back from the base camp. But ascending in higher elevation, the camps are shorter to avoid the problem of the altitude sickness. Having 2 acclimatization rest days along the way to base camp let your body to acclimatize day by day.
How Hard To Trek to Everest Base Camp?
EBC trekking trail
This is a gradual elevation gain trek but still difficult because there are several days trek in above 4000 meters. That elevation effects to walk and makes it difficult to breathe.
Flying to Lukla from Kathmandu takes you immediately to a 2,856-meter elevation. So you already may feel an effect of altitude. You trek gradually day by day from this altitude to 5,364m (EBC) and 5,545m (Kalapatthar). So it is a moderate level trek as your fitness and strenuous as altitude going up steep ascend and descend to the deep valley.
Do You Need Climbing Experience For Everest Base Camp Trek?
You don’t need to have technical climbing experience and tanning for the Everest base camp trek. But some hiking experience and physical training help for the trek. It is many days hike over suspension bridges, long steep trails, and high steps. If you are relatively fit and have been backpacking for a long time in different Himalaya, it is very much doable.
We recommend being in a good shape with some altitude experience or having knowledge of its effect before trekking to the Everest base camp. It is good if you have some experience of above 3000 meters trek before doing Everest base camp trek.
Do You Need a Guide For Everest Base Camp Trek?
Hiring a guide and a porter is recommended. If you have a guide, you don’t need to be worry to find accommodation at the end of each day during the trek. There are some places where you may easily lose so guide leads the way every time. And porter helps to carry your needed stuff than you may fully enjoy your holiday.
Also, the guide helps to react with locals provides lots of information about the region. Other hands, if you hire a guide and a porter, it helps for the Nepalese economy giving them work. The guide will be very friendly and helpful for your trip.
When is the Best Time to Trek to Everest Base Camp?
Mt. Everest and Lhotse from Tengboche
Autumn (September to November) and spring (March to May) are the best seasons for the Everest base camp trek. But September is still the end of the raining season so it may not the best and May starts monsoon. These two months are good some days only.
Winter (December to February) Still good for the view but these months are cold so need to have really good equipment for the trek.
Summer or monsoon (June to August) are not recommended. These months rain a lot and the visibility is not good so you may not enjoy your trek in these months.
What to Pack to Everest Base Camp Trek?
Main bag for equipment
The main thing is a perfect packing to the Everest base camp trek. Having some quality equipment with you helps for a successful Everest base camp trek. Pack only essential equipment to reduce the weight of the flight to Lukla. Here is a list and see here in detail about the packing list.
- Thermal Layer
- Trekking Shirts
- Fleece Jacket
- Feather Jacket (Down Jacket)
- Hiking Trousers and Shorts
- Waterproof Jacket and Trouser
- Sun Hat
- Woollen Hat
- Windproof Warm Gloves
- Hiking Boots
- Sport shoes/Sandals
- Some pairs of Trekking Socks
- Duffel bag/Rucksack
- Rain Cover
- Sleeping Bag
- Trekking Poles
- Head Torch
For the detail information about a packing list of the Everest base camp trek visit here.
Do You Need Permit to Everest Base Camp Trek and how Much Does it Cost?
Everest base camp trek permits
Yes, you need to have the trekking permit to the Everest base camp trek. There are two different entry permits. One is for the Sagarmatha National Park entry permit that can issue in Bhrikutimandap Kathmandu or Monjo during the trek. The cost of this permit costs you 3000 NPR.
Pasang Lhau Rural Municipality entry permit cost 2000 NPR which you may issue in Lukla. This is managed by a local rural municipality. You don’t need any photographs for these permits but you need to show your passport in Lukla.
How to Prevent Altitude Sickness in Everest Base Camp Trek?
High altitude rescue
This is an important thing to know. You fly directly to almost 3000 meters to Lukla and trek to over 5000 meters. So there is a possibility to have a problem with altitude sickness.
Altitude sickness is worrying dangerous in higher elevation where atmospheric high pressure and low oxygen in the air. It has earlier symptoms that easily can find and beware. There are two types of altitude sickness, effects in the brain and the next effect in the lungs.
Major symptoms of altitude sickness are a severe headache, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, difficult to sleep, nausea, dehydration, rapid heartbeat and feel very tired while resting.
If you have any of these symptoms, you need to be careful and do first-aid medication. Here are some tips about what to do to be safe from the problem.
- Ascend slowly
- Proper acclimatization and rest
- Control of alcohol, smoking, and tobacco
- Drink plenty of fluid
- Eat well and enough
- Make your mind strong and positive
- Keep you warm all the time
Read here about altitude sickness.
How much Does it Cost to Everest Base Camp Trek?
It depends on a service type so you may do 600 USD to 1300 USD. If you are individual, the cost may be a little bit higher than the group joining. The group shares a guide so it minimizes the cost.
Everest base camp trek is not that expensive compared to trekking in other countries. You don’t need to carry all the food and tents with you and don’t need lots of manpower to carry. You find lodges with serving foods in every place. This looks expensive because the flight cost to Lukla cost expensive.
Here is more information about the Everest base camp trek cost.
How is Accommodation in Everest Base Camp Trek?
Everest base camp trek accommodation
Everest base camp trek is a well-managed trekking trail with plenty of accommodation. You can find easily the places to sleep in almost every place except Tengboche. The lodges are basic with a private room to luxury attached bathroom in most of the places.
If you would like to have more luxury with heater and luxury facilities, also you may have during the trek to the Everest base camp. They serve western food in each lodge that you may choose from the menu and can try local foods too.
Check this for more information about Everest base camp trek accommodation.
Frolic Adventure is the best Everest base camp trek organizer. Book your thrilling Everest base camp trek with us. Apart of Everest base camp trek, we offer some of the popular other trekking packages in the Everest region as Everest base camp Gokyo lake trek (Cho la pass trek), Everest view trek, Everest 3 high passes trek, Gokyo Renjo la pass trek and we make any itineraries as your interest and time frame.
We also offer the Everest base helicopter tour if you don’t have enough time to trek. This is a couple of hours of scenic flight to the Everest base camp with the landing.