Everest Base Camp Trek Guide
The Everest base camp trekking trails take place through the Sagarmatha National Park in the Khumbu region. After a short scenic mountain flight from Kathmandu to Lukla, the trek reaches base camp passing traditional Sherpa settlements.
It takes 8 days to base camp from Lukla including 2 acclimatization rest days. Then you will trek back to Lukla in 3 days then fly back to Kathmandu.
- Scenic mountain flight to Lukla
- Beautiful Sherpa settlements and traditional buildings with local craftsmanship
- Everest Himalayan range
- Beautiful valley, rivers, waterfalls, vegetation, birds, and other wildlife
- Buddhist monasteries, and other monuments and Mantra writing on the rocks and walls
- Stunning viewpoints such as Kala Patthar, Everest view hotel, Tengboche and more to see Himalaya
Everest Base Camp Trek Detailed Itinerary
Everest base camp trek map
Everest base camp trek normal itinerary is 12days which are following by almost all the trekkers. But it may customize according to your fitness and time frame. I suggest following the basic itinerary or adding some extra days to not have altitude suffer.
If you don’t have enough time and really would like to visit the Everest base camp, you still have the options. Trekking to the base camp in 8 days and fly back with a helicopter to Kathmandu is one option and visiting within a few hours from Kathmandu if you only have a day then catches a helicopter flight tour.
- Everest base camp trek
- Gokyo valley trek
- Everest panorama trek
Here is day by day detailed itinerary of the Everest base camp trek.
Day – 1: Fly to Lukla (2,840m) and trek to Phakding (2,610m) 3 hrs
Today you will fly from Kathmandu to Lukla with a small aircraft (Dornier or Twin otter). This is about 30-minute scenic flights. You will enjoy the view of Langtang, Ganesh Himal, Gaurishankar and the Everest Himalaya with magnificent landscape and traditional villages below. Once you land at Tenzing-Hilari airport, you start your trek. Today, you only trek around 3 hrs to Phakding passing Chheplung, Thadokoshi and Ghat villages. Mostly the trail for today is easy descending.
Day – 2: Trek to Namche Bazaar (3,440m) 6-7 hrs
After your breakfast at your guesthouse, you will trek towards Namche Bazaar. You will cross 5 different suspension bridges today for the same river (Dudhkoshi). Walking around 3 and a half hours, you reach Monjo where you issue your trekking permit then cross a bridge for your lunch. You will trek another 3 hrs to Namche bazaar crossing the highest bridge and climbing a long hill to Namche Bazar.
Day – 3: Acclimatization rest day at Namche
This is your first-day acclimatization practice day before going further higher elevation. This is mandatory for all trekkers to avoid altitude sickness. You will visit the Everest view hotel to see stunning Everest Himalaya and altitude practice. It is a half-day exploration in Namche. You will pass a high airport (Syangboche) on the way to the Everest view hotel. After visiting the Everest view hotel, you will hike back to Namche Bazaar or you may visit the biggest village (Khumjung) in the Everest region.
Day – 4: Trek to Tengboche (3,860m) 5 hrs
After a day of altitude practice in Namche, you will trek further higher to Tengboche. It takes around 5 hrs walking on a nice and clear trekking trail. After walking about 2 hrs, you will reach Kyanjuma from here the trail to Gokyo lake trek divides. You will descend to Phunki Tenga from Sanasa here you will have lunch. The trail ascends through rhododendron and pine forest to Tengboche for 2 hrs. After changing your sweaty clothes in the lodge, you can go to visit Monastery. Tengboche monastery is an old historic monastery. Every year there will be a big festival (Mani Rimdu).
Day – 5: Trek to Dingboche (4,410m) 5 hrs
Enjoying the view of Mt. Amadablam and other Everest Himalaya in the morning, you will trek to Dingboche. You will descend at the beginning of the day and walk through a dense forest. You will cross a suspension bridge then ascends to Pangboche village. You will be over tree line from today so the views are open with mountains all around you. You will stop for lunch in Somare than trek another hour and a half to Dingboche. This is the highest proper village with farmland in the Everest region. During monsoon every year, this village will be closely following cultural aspects.
Day – 6: Rest day at Dingboche
This is you’re the second and the last day acclimatization rest day on the way to EBC. You will hike up to Nangat-Tsang hill for altitude practice. You will start your hike after your breakfast and back for lunch. You will not see Mt. Everest from here but you can see Mt. Makalu during this hike. Mt. Makalu is the 4th highest mountain in Nepal which is in the Makalu Barun region. Beside Makalu, you may see Lhotse, Nuptse, Island peak, Amadablam, and several other big mountains.
Day -7: Trek to Lobuche (4,910m) 5hrs
Following a few steps towards Nangar-Tsang hill, you start your day to Lobuche today. After ascending around a half an hour, the trek leads the trail walking through the ridge which pretty flat. Keeping left down the Pheriche valley, you trek to Thukla with an open view. You need to care about altitude because the oxygen is thin in the air with high atmospheric pressure. After having lunch in Thukla, you will climb the Thukla pass. It is around 45 minutes ascend for a normal face but it may take a little bit longer because of altitude. You will see lots of monuments of dead climbers on the top of Thukla hill. The trail is easy going another hour to Lobuche from here.
Day - 8: Trek to Everest base camp (5,364m) via Gorakshep (5.180m) 7-8 hrs
Oh! Yes, this is the most important day that you are reaching your goal. You walk a few days on the Khumbu valley for this day. You will start your trek quit early morning than other days of the trek. You trek to Gorakshep which takes you around 3 hrs passing a small glacier. A big Khumbu glacier stays on your right during your trek. After a quick lunch in Gorakshep, you hike to EBC leaving all your stuff in the lodge in Gorakshep. You will just hike with warm clothes, water, and a camera to base camp. It takes 2-2 hrs and a half one way to base camp and at the same time come back. This day may be pretty tuff for you because it is a long day walking on a high elevation.
Day – 9: Hike to Kala Patthar (5,545m) and trek to Pheriche (4,210m) 6 hrs
You will hike Kala Patthar in the early morning with your flashlight. It takes around 2 hrs to reach the top. You will enjoy a 360-degree view of the mountains all around you from here. The Everest stands right in front of you as you are standing to the mirror. It will be very cold and windy over there so you need to wear warm clothes. Take an extra camera battery with you because the battery can be death soon in cold temperature. After enjoying the stunning view, you will hike back Gorakshep and have breakfast. Then you trek back to either Pheriche or Pangboche it depends on your walking speed.
Day – 10: Trek to Namche Bazaar (3,440m) 7 hrs
You have warmer temperatures and easier breathing while you trek back in this area. Today, you will be back in the tree line again from near Tengboche. This area is familiar to you because you have been passed on the way up in a few days ago. This is an easy walking day although; it is a long day trek.
Day – 11: Trek to Lukla (2,840m) 7 hrs
This is another long day trek. You start your day descending to the highest bridge. You may see the last view of the Everest before reaching the bridge. Passing Monjo, Benkar, and Toktok, you reach Phakding where you would spend your first night on the way up. You will have your lunch in this place and trek another 3 hrs with the gradually ascending trail to Lukla. You may celebrate your successful Everest base camp journey in Lukla this evening.
Day -12: Fly back to Kathmandu
You will have an early morning flight to Kathmandu today. You will arrive back to the city from peace place after having a great Himalayan experience.
Distance sign in Everest region
It is about 130 KM total from Lukla to Lukla which you trek 68 KM on the way up and 62 Km back cutting a few KM. When you go higher, you trek fewer kilometres each day. Lower elevation and on the way back, you will trek around 20 KM each day.
To trek 68 KM to the base camp, 8 days is recommended to not suffer by altitude problem. Having a minimum of 2 extra days on the way up is compulsory but some people will have only one day rest. It may bring altitude sickness if you are not acclimatized with Himalayan treks anywhere else before.
Adventure Everest trek:
- Everest high passes trek
- Cho la pass trek
- Renjo la pass trek
Best Time to Trek
Autumn (September to November) and spring (March to May) are the best timing for the Everest base camp trek. Although, until mid-September and the end of May are not good most of the year because this time may rain.
Usually, autumn and spring offer clear visibility and perfect temperature. It may not be a problem getting a scheduled flight to Luka. But until mid-September and the end of May can be a little problem for the flights. They might be delayed or cancelled even. See here about Lukla flights and alternative options.
Monsoon (June to August) is not recommended because the weather is rainy and the trails stay wet and slippery. Winter is doable but the temperature will be cold so warm equipment is highly suggested for trekking in winter. Check about Everest base camp trek weather and temperatures.
Everest base camp trek permit
Trekking permits are necessary for the Everest base camp trek. You may issue Pasang Lhamu rural municipality entry permit in Lukla at the end of this town. It cost you 200 NPR for this ticket. You need to show your passport to issue the ticket.
You are walking through the Sagarmatha national park so you need to have a national park entry permit. This permit you may issue in Monjo on the second day of your trek. To make this permit, you need to show the Pasang Lhamu entry ticket here and it costs 3000 NPR. But national park permit for the SAARC nation is 1500 NPR.
- Everest high passes trek
- Cho la pass trek
- Renjo la pass trek
Lodge, Food, and Drinks
This is a well-managed trekking trail by national park, Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee (SPCC) and Sherpa communities so there are guest houses in each stop. You may get a private room which is nice and clean.
Toilets are indoor all the places and even attached to rooms somewhere. You may have luxury rooms in some places so you don’t need to worry about the accommodations during the trek.
Foods are choosing able from the food menu cocked by basic trained cooks. You will see most of the places the same food items on the food menu but the tastes may be slid different. But foods are hygienic along the trek. Having meat is not recommended after Namche Bazar because they might not be fresh all the time. You will lose apatite when you will be in a higher elevation above 3000m.
They sell mineral water bottles each place but as you go higher, the price also goes high. It may cost up to 500 NPR for one bottle of water. You may use normal tap water using purifying tablets or drops and sterilizer to kill the bacteria. But the normal water in higher area may be dusty with melted ice, buying bottled water is better for a few days.
Internet and communication
Upon your arrival in Kathmandu airport, you will see reception where you may buy the Nepalese SIM card with an internet data package. To the base camp except for one or two places, you can use mobile data which will be cheaper than buying internet service in the mountain.
You can also buy internet prepped cards from the Everest link but they may cost high and you need to be near to the routers.
Battery charging facilities
You will have a proper electric service just to Tengboche. After that, there are solar powers only for lighting and charging. You may still charge your camera batteries and cell phone but it cost you very expensive. If you take a charging power bank, it helps you a lot. For this, you charge full your power bank where you will have proper electric access and keep for the higher area.
Main bag for trek equipment
Trek equipment requires according to which season with what temperature you are planning a trek to the Everest base camp. Trekking in autumn during October and November is colder than spring so you need to have warmer clothes for the higher elevation and some pairs of shorts for lower area. Here is a basic list of equipment below:
- Thermal Layer
- Trekking Shirts
- Fleece Jacket
- Feather Jacket (Down Jacket)
- Hiking Trousers and Shorts
- Waterproof Jacket and Trouser
- Sun Hat
- Woollen Hat
- Windproof Warm Gloves
- Hiking Boots
- Sport shoes/Sandals
- Some pairs of Trekking Socks
- Duffel bag/Rucksack
- Rain Cover
- Sleeping Bag
- Trekking Poles
- Head Torch
Check detailed information about trekking equipment.
- Everest base camp trek
- Gokyo Ri trek
- Everest short trek
Hiring guide, porter and cost
Trekking guide to Everest base camp
There are thousands of trekking company offering from abroad and Nepal. You can hire a guide through the internet and also we are a local organizer to the Everest base camp. You can blindly believe us that we make your memorable trekking with your safety and satisfaction. We provide a government license holder English speaking guide who provides you with lots of information about the area. Our porters, who carry your equipment, are very honest, strong and friendly.
We organize this trek with full board and also just providing all the other things except your meal and accommodation. Booking Everest base camp trek with a local company is cheaper than booking your trek from over Sea Company. We offer this trek 1,270 USD in full board and 800 USD guide, porter, flight ticket, airport transport, and trekking permits.
Altitude sickness is a serious case during trekking in Himalaya, especially above 4000 meters. You will trek with a direct flight to 2,840m (Lukla) so Lukla elevation already is high elevation. It won’t be a big problem if you have done some treks above 3000m elsewhere but if you are visiting the first time in such a high elevation, we suggest being careful.
When you reach above 300m, you will find some symptoms so having an extra day rest, keep warm, drink plenty of fluids, sleep well, walk slowly as much as you feel comfortable is a smart way to prevent altitude problems.
If you have altitude sickness anywhere in a high area, it is better to rest or descends as soon as possible. Having altitude medicine and keep walking further higher is not good. It may bring an accident.
Where can I leave the stuff that I am not using during the trek?
You may leave your stuff in your hotel in Kathmandu that you are not using during the trek. The hotel has a storeroom to keep those things safely. You will get a baggage tag which you need to keep safe until you don’t take back your stuff from the hotel.
How hard is Everest base camp trek?
This is a moderate to strenuous trek. Physically, it is a moderate trek and as elevation it makes strenuous. But any normal trekkers can try this trek.
How much should I tip to the guide and porter?
The food is all carried by plane from Kathmandu and human efforts to the higher area after Lukla. So expenses for the food for the guide and porter are high. They mainly save money from tipping. Tipping is expected so the normal tipping ratio is a minimum of 100 USD for one porter and Double for Guide. You can tip more than this as much as your happiness. You will defiantly realize how hard they work up in the mountain.
it made easy to plan your Everest base camp trek and found some helpful tips. If you have some more queries regarding the trek to EBC and any other places in Nepal, please feel free to ask. We will provide genuine information about any of Everest trek and all the trek and tour that you would like to do in Nepal.
- Everest base camp trek
- Gokyo lake trek
- Everest view short trek